스위스에서 도시간 지하터널 24시간 화물 운송 시스템 프로젝트인 CTS(Cargo Sous Terrain)가 본격 추진된다.
* (프랑스어) : cargo 화물, sous ~ 아래의, terrain 토지 ; (직역) 지하의 화물
내륙국가인 스위스에서 늘어나는 지상 화물 수요에 대비해, 물류망 개선을 위한 것이다.
작년 12월 스위스 의회가 본 프로젝트에 대한 법적 근거를 마련하였고, 최근 건설에 들어갔다.
지하 수직으로 화물을 내려 보내 자율주행 전기차(전기수레)가 24시간 화물을 도시에서 도시로 옮기는 방식이다.
모든 시스템은 신재생에너지로 운영되며, 지상으로 운행되는 물류차량은 최대 40%가 감소하여 탄소배출이 저감되고, 소음은 50%가 감소될 것으로 기대된다.
임시 포장이 줄어들고 필요 공간이 감소하는 등 개별 팔레트 또는 컨테이너에 소량을 지속적으로 운송하는 것이 경제적으로 실행 가능하게 되는 것이다.
첫 건설 구간은 스위스 추리히와 헤르킹엔-니더빕을 연결하는 70km 구간이며 약 30억 달러(3조 9000억원)이 소요될 것으로 알려진다.
CST 프로젝트는 2045년까지 전체 500km 구간으로 확대될 예정이다.
CTS(Cargo Sous Terrain) Project in Switzerland
COMPLETE LOGISTICS SYSTEM
Cargo sous terrain is a complete logistics system for the flexible transport of small-component goods. Tunnels connect production and logistics sites with urban centres. Overground, CST distributes the transported goods in environmentally-friendly vehicles, contributing to the reduction of traffic and noise emissions.
The first section will connect the Härkingen-Niederbipp hub with Zurich from 2031. The rest of the network will be built until 2045. CST is ideal for supply and disposal (waste disposal, recycling). 100% of the power to operate the system comes from renewable energy sources.
The first section of the Cargo sous terrain network will run from Härkingen-Niederbipp to Zurich and is around 70 kilometres long. On this section, there are 10 connection points (hubs). Expansion towards other key logistics and distribution centres within Switzerland will continue progressively.
Until 2045, a total network of 500 kilometres length is being created between Lake Constance and Lake Geneva, with branches to Basel, Lucerne and Thun. The total cost of building the first section, including Software, hubs as well as underground and overground vehicles (for distribution in the cities) are estimated at 3 Billion Swiss Francs.
Traffic problems are accentuated in cities. Goods transports make up a large part of the volume of traffic in metropolitan areas.
Cargo sous terrain is therefore setting up a city logistics system with environmentally-friendly vehicles for the efficient micro-distribution of transported goods into the smart cities of the future.
This relieves the load on cities by up to 30% of the delivery traffic and 50% of noise emissions.
In the Cargo sous terrain system, the goods are already bundled in the tunnel. This means that the subsequent micro-distribution is prepared in advance. Deliveries to sales outlets and end consumers from the hub are fully coordinated, rather than each supplier delivering their goods individually.
Access to the Cargo sous terrain system is provided via the hubs, which permit the fully automated loading and unloading of the vehicles. Vertical lifts are used to feed the goods into the transportation system.
The hubs are being created in existing logistics centres and ensure interconnection with all traffic systems (rail, road, water, air freight). CST is accessible to all market operators on an equal footing.
Cargo sous terrain follows a similar principle to that of an automatic conveyor system. Automated, driverless transport vehicles which are able to pick up and deposit loads automatically from the designated ramps and lifts travel around the clock in the tunnels.
The vehicles, which travel on wheels and have an electric drive with induction rails, operate in three-track tunnels with a constant speed of around 30 kilometres per hour. The goods are transported on pallets or in modified containers.
Thanks to refrigeration-compatible transport vehicles, the transport of fresh and chilled goods is also possible. Attached to the roof of the tunnel is a rapid overhead track for smaller goods packages.
Cargo sous terrain is an important element of sustainable and environmentally-friendly goods transport in Switzerland.
A reduction in heavy goods traffic on national roads of up to 40% and efficient micro-distribution within urban areas, will result in considerable savings in CO2 emissions and a reduction in noise levels.
The system will be 100% operated using power from renewable energy sources.
As part of a Life Cycle Assessment, Cargo sous terrain has commissioned a comprehensive overall evaluation of the environmental impact of the project. The effects in terms of air quality, noise emissions, space utilisation as well as the health costs were investigated.
The study confirms the clear benefits of Cargo sous terrain over current transport systems – depending on the reference scenario, the ecological balance sheet is improved by up to 80%.
SMART IT / DIGITALISATION
Cargo sous terrain takes account of the changes in the world of logistics and the transition to the digital economy (Industry 4.0). The intelligent control with advanced IT and automatic goods loading and transport form the core of the system. CST is the made-to-measure technology for the smart cities of the future.
Innovation is also a significant feature of Cargo sous terrain because it will for the first time be economically viable to transport small volumes on individual pallets or containers on an ongoing basis.
The continuous flow of small-component goods obviates the need for waiting times at transfer stations. In addition, the space requirement can be massively reduced because temporary goods storage is no longer necessary.